Low Sperm Motility - Causes & Treatment
There are two types of sperm motility describing how each sperm swims. Sperm that swim in mostly straight lines or big circles are said to have progressive motility.
Sperm that don't move in straight lines or swim in very tight circles are said to have non-progressive motility.
For sperm to get through a woman's cervical mucus and fertilise her egg, they need to move at least 25 micrometres per second.
Poor sperm motility, also called asthenozoospermia, is when less than 32% of the sperm can move around well.
How does it affect getting pregnant?
According to Ayurvedic Sexologist in Lucknow, Infertility affects between 60 and 80 million couples around the world. Rates vary from country to country.
The rate is thought to be around 10% of couples in the United States. The number is based on the fact that infertility is defined as being unable to have a child after 12 months of trying.
Male factor infertility is when a man can't get a woman pregnant because of something wrong with his body. It causes between 40 and 50% of infertility cases and affects about 7% of men.
Problems with the sperm cause most cases of male infertility. The most common issues are low sperm count (also called oligospermia), poor sperm motility, and abnormal sperm shape (also called teratozoospermia).
A low number of sperm causes about 90% of male infertility problems, but sperm that don't move well is also a significant cause.
What Makes Low Motility?
Several things can cause low sperm motility. Most of them are things men can change about their lives to get rid of.
- Too much stress: Sexologist in Lucknow says, too much stress can cause fertility problems and many other health problems.
- A lousy diet: Fertility problems can be caused by not getting enough of some vitamins, like vitamin C and vitamin B12.
- Too much heat: Sitting in a sauna or hot tub for a long time or holding a laptop in your lap for a long time can heat the genitals, which can cause several fertility problems. Tight clothes and underwear that are too tight can generate too much heat.
- Medications: Some medicines have side effects that can cause infertility. Make sure your doctor knows about all the medicines you take every day so he can change them if he needs to.
- Smoking and drinking too much: Both of these can cause health problems, so it shouldn't be a surprise that they can also affect how well your sperm move through your body.
- Intrauterine insemination (IUI): This is a type of artificial insemination in which the sperm is put into the woman's uterus. This makes it much easier for the sperm to swim to the egg. Doctors usually start with this treatment if at least 30% to 35% of the sperm are moving.
- In vitro fertilisation (IVF): Sexologist doctor in Lucknow mix the sperm from the man with one of the woman's eggs in a lab. The controlled environment increases the chance of getting pregnant.
- Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI): During an IVF treatment, the man's sperm is injected directly into the egg to ensure it gets fertilised. This option has a success rate of 70 to 90%, and it can be done even if the sperm isn't moving, as long as there is at least one normal, moving sperm in the sample.
- Medications: Researchers are still trying to find out if drugs improve the movement of sperm. Some people think that a particular mix of vitamins or a drug called Clomid might make sperm move around and make more of them.
How to Treat Low Motility
Even if your sperm isn't moving well, you might still be able to get pregnant. Many treatments at Gautam Clinic can help people with this problem. Among them are:
How to make sperm motility better
People can improve the quality of their sperm by changing how they live. The ability of sperm to move is affected by smoking.
Cannabis, amphetamines, opiates, and drinking too much alcohol are all things that hurt the quality of sperm. Ayurvedic Sexologist in Lucknow tell people who want to get pregnant to stay away from these.
A body mass index of 25 or more means you are overweight, which can affect the number and quality of sperm.
Sperm quality goes down when the temperature of the scrotum goes up. The best temperature for making sperm is around 94 degrees Fahrenheit, just below body temperature. Wearing loose underwear and taking other simple steps to keep the testicles cool may help.
Steps that can help include taking regular breaks if you work in a hot place and getting up and moving around if you sit for a long time.
There is no proof that complementary therapies can improve the movement of sperm.
Male fertility can be affected by many things. If the sperm is healthy in other ways, pregnancy can happen even if it moves slowly. Using in vitro fertilisation or intrauterine insemination (IUI) can make it more likely that a woman will get pregnant. They do this because the sperm don't have to swim on their own.